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Brisbane history timeline and brisbane timeline pughs moreton bay almanac 1859 and Moreton Bay Settlement timeline. Real estate employment home and garden.

Brisbane History Timeline 1823 to 1859

1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s

Brisbane and Moreton Bay Settlement timeline is indexed to a historical reference "In the Early Days" via the hyperlinks which sometime appear with the events. The actual story headline appears in brackets.

1823

March - Pamphlet, Finnigan, and party left Sydney.

October 16 - Lieutenant Oxley received instructions from Governor Brisbane to search for new penal establishment.

October 23 - Oxley left Sydney in search of new depot.

November 25 - Oxley anchored in Moreton Bay.

December 2 - Oxley discovered the river Brisbane.

1824

September 2 - Settlement founded by Oxley at Redcliffe.

September 12 - Convicts landed at Redcliffe. (Humpybong)

November 4 - Penal Settlement removed from Redcliffe to Edenglassie - the first name given to Brisbane.(Founding of Brisbane)

November 10 - Governor Brisbane left Sydney on visit to Moreton Bay.

November 23 - Governor Brisbane arrived in Moreton Bay (Brisbane's Visit).

December - Commissariat (now Colonial) stores built (Early Architecture)

1825

September 1 - Major Lockyer left Sydney in the Mermaid for Moreton Bay.

September 6 - Lockyer arrived in the Bay.

September 10 - Lockyer, with Captain Bishop and Lieutenant Miller, left on excursion up

the river.

September 20 - Lockyer named Redbank from the colour of the soil.

September 28 - Lockyer discovered either the Bremer or the Lockyer - there is a doubt

which.

November - Captain Logan appointed Commandant Moreton Bay (Captain Logan).

1826

Discovery of Logan River by Logan.

December 19 - Death of Governor Brisbane. Limestone named by Logan (Discovery of Ipswich).

1827

May 14 - 300 prisoners located at Moreton Bay.

June 5 - Darling Downs discovered by Allan Cunningham.

June 5 - Logan found coal at Limestone.

June - Governor Darling visited Brisbane and was unfavourably impressed with the site, believing that Stradbroke Island would be better.

July 16 - Stradbroke. Dunwich, and Logan River proclaimed.

Convict Hospital built.

1828

Prisoners' barracks, military barracks built (Old Bumbles Workshop).

September 18 - Rev. J. Vincent appointed chaplain.

1829

Windmill (present Observatory) commenced,

June 24 - Governor Darling reported that he would shift Settlement nearer the bay, as the water was bad and sickness common at Moreton Cay.

1830

April 17 - Pop. Moreton Bay, 1000 convicts, 100 soldiers. Female factory built (The Home on the Hill).

October 9 - Captain Logan left Settlement on an exploring trip.

October 17 -Captain Logan last seen alive by his men..

October 28 - Captain Logan's body found (Death of the Tyrant).

1831

December- Captain Clunie appointed Commandant Moreton Bay.

1834

April 12 - Hunter Steamship Navigation Company (afterwards Q.S.N. Company) formed in Sydney.

1835

Captain Foster Fyans appointed Commandant Moreton Bay.

1836

March 28 - Visit of Messrs. Backhouse and Walker, Quakers, to Moreton Bay (Walker and Backhouse)

1837

August - Arrival of first steamer in Moreton Bay, the James Watt, bringing Petrie family.(The First Steamer)

November 5 - Governor Bourke expressed himself as favourable to closing Moreton Bay and of reducing the number of prisoners to 300-all short sentence men. The maize grown at Moreton Bay he valued at £1046 , and the cost per head per annum £13.

1838

March - German mission established: eleven men, eight women, eleven children.

March - Arrival of Dr. Ballow in Brisbane.

November 2 - Fast in New South Wales owing to drought.

1839

May 21 - Convict settlement broken up (Home of the Freeman).

June 27 - Allan Cunningham died in Sydney.

July 1 - All convicts except thirty-nine men removed.

1840

May 14 - Murder of Surveyor Staplyton and assistant Tuck on the Logan (Murder of Staplyton).

June - Schooner John commenced to open up trade between Moreton Bay and Sydney, John Williams, owner (Bold Speculators).

June 4 - Patrick Leslie with assigned servant Peter Murphy and other convicts formed first settlement on Darling Downs.

August 12 - First pack bullocks took supplies to the Downs from Brisbane.

October 19 - First dray taken through Cunningham's Gap.

1841

January 17 - Great flood Ipswich and Brisbane.

May 14 - Trial of blacks for murder of Staplyton and Tuck in Sydney-found guilty and

sent to Brisbane.

July 2 - First execution Brisbane at Windmill (Observatory) for murder of Staplyton and Tuck. (The First Execution)

1842

January 27 - News received in Settlement that Moreton Bay would be thrown open to free settlers.

January 27 - Arrival first Hunter River Steam Navigation Co.'s steamer (Pioneer Shipping Company).

March 24 - Governor Gipps visited Brisbane (Gipps Visit).

May 4 - Andrew Petrie, Henry Stuart Russell and two other gentlemen started on trip Wide Bay district.

May 4 - Moreton Bay thrown open to selection (Settlement thrown open).

May 7 - Mr. Petrie's party found Wandi (The Runaway Convict Bracefield).

May 17 (about)- Mr. Petrie discovered Mary River. (Discovery of the River Mary)

May 20 - Found the runaway Duramboi (The Finding of James Davis).

June - Moreton Bay defined.

July - First sale Moreton Bay lands in Sydney: 13.5 acres realised £4037 10s (The First Land Sale).

November 14 - Captain Wickham appointed police-magistrate.

1843

June 23 - First election for Moreton Bay Alex. McLeay returned (We Are Included in a Constituency).

August 9 - First sale of Moreton Bay lands conducted in Brisbane (First Land Sale in Brisbane).

October 11 - First sale of Ipswich land at Ipswich.

Coal found by Andrew Petrie at Redbank (Mr Petries Excursions) ; John Williams ran first ferry between Russell-street and Colonial Stores (The First Ferry) ; boiling down establishment opened at Kangaroo Point (Plucky Pioneers).

1844

January 10 - Heavy flood Ipswich.

March 19 - Captain Freeman while coming from Sydney in schooner William discovered the channel which now bears his name.

April - First indignation meeting held in Brisbane to protest against squatting regulations (Indignation Meeting).

August - Leichhardt left Sydney on Port Essington Expedition.

October 1 - Leichhardt left Jimbour station.

1845

March 29 - Leichhardt returned to Sydney from Port Essington.

May 13 - Moreton Bay made a port of entry (Early Customs History).

June 11 - Governor Gipps left Sydney for England (An Unpopular Governor).

June 17 - First race meeting at New Farm (Early Racing Days).

June 20. - Moreton Bay Courier first published (The Birth of the Courier).

June 30 - First steamer, the Experiment, ran between Brisbane and Ipswich (An Unprofitable Experiment).

June 30 - First census taken-population, including Darling Downs, 2258 (The First Census).

July 13 - Arrival of first Customs officer-W. A. Duncan.

July 20 - Moreton Bay defined.

August 2 - Governor Fitzroy arrived in Sydney (Sir Charles Fitzroy).

September - Dr. Lang left Sydney for England on his famous immigration crusade.

October 20 - Murder Mr. Gregor and Mrs. Shannon by blacks at the Pine(Gregor and Shannon Murder).

November 18 - Colony of North Queensland proclaimed. Leichhardt left back country on last expedition.

1847

January 2 - Courts of petty sessions for districts of Moreton Bay, Ipswich, Cressbrook, and Darling Downs gazetted. (A Prosperous New Year)

March 1 - Surveyor Burnett left Brisbane intending to trace the Boyne to its source ;unsuccessful.

March 11 - Wreck of the Sovereign (The Wreck of the Soverign).

April - Discovery of a road over the range to southern end of Downs (A Road Over The Range).

April 24 - First theatre opened by George Croft in Russell-street, South Brisbane (First Theatre).

April 24 - Plan of northern entrance of Moreton Bay completed (A Road Over The Range).

May 15 - First schooner built here launched; christened Selina by Miss Petrie (The Ship that Never Returned).

May 20 - Annual race New Farm (An Incident of Old New Farm).

July 20 -Surveyor Burnett made second and successful attempt to trace Boyne (Burnett) and Wide Bay (Mary) Rivers. (Burnett and the Mary)

September 11 - Murder of two sawyers at North Pine (Murder of Sawyers at the North Pine).

December 8 - Oddfellows' lodge opened Brisbane

1848

January 20 - Steamer Experiment foundered at wharf. (Experiment Flounders at Wharf)

January 22 - Rev. John Gregor drowned at Gorman Station.

January 20 - First regatta held on the Brisbane (January 26th Regatta)

March 27 - Discovery of horrible murder at Sutton's Hotel, Kangaroo Point (An Awful Crime).

April 1 - Leichhardt last heard of.

April 29 - Kennedy sailed on last expedition from Sydney.

June 2 - First mails despatched to Ipswich by steamer.

June 3 - Bishop Tyrell visited Moreton Bay (Visit of the Right Rev. William Tyrell).

June 20 - Letter sent to board of directors Union Bank asking them to establish a branch at Brisbane. (We Want A Bank)

June 21 - First races hold at Drayton (Toowoomba).

June 23 - Military recalled from Moreton Bay.

July 4 - Execution William Fife in Sydney for Kangaroo Point murder.

August 22 - Colonel Snodgrass returned from Moreton Bay and other districts.

October 20 - Selina found water-logged in Keppel Bay (A Mystery Solved).

November 26 - Arrival of J. C. Bidwell, first land commissioner for Wide Bay.

November 27 - Arrival sixty Chinese shepherds per Nimrod (Chinese immigrants arrived in the Nimrod).

November 28 - Post office box at South Brisbane established (Ever Growing).

December 13 - Arrival of Artemesia, first Government immigrant ship, in Moreton Bay (Arrival of the Artemisia).

1849

January - Surveyor Burnett laid out town ship of Drayton.

January 6 - News received of Californian goldfield (The Exodus to California).

January20 - Arrival of Fortitude, Moreton Bay (The Fortitude).

January 23 - Post Office established at Maryborough, the name being given on this

date.

February 3 - First Brisbane Gaol completed (female factory).

February 7 - First, batch of Fortitude folk brought up to Brisbane

February 8 - Death of Dick Ben, notorious aboriginal.

February 18 - Rev. Charles Stewart conducted first service in old court-house.

February 19 -Thanksgiving service for safe arrival of Fortitude in old court-house.

February 24 - Site present Custom house approved (Signs of the Times).

March 7 - Site of present St. John's Pro-cathedral granted.

March 10 - First Wesleyan Methodist Church erected in Albert Street

March 21 - Rev. Charles Stewart appointed minister United Presbyterian Church.

March 21 - Brisbane made a free warehousing port.

May 1 - Chaseley arrived in Moreton Bay (Dr Langs second ship - Chaseley).

May 8 - Establishment of first Temperance Society.

May 13 - Rev. Kingsford conducted first service at Ipswich.

.May 14 - Rev. Kingsford accepted call from Ipswich Presbyterians.

June 20 - Arrival of forty-five convicts by the Hashemy. (The Resumption of Transportation)

August 1 - Arrival of thirty, orphans girls from Sydney.

August 20 - Branch Lodge, Sydney District, G.U.O.O.F., established in Ipswich.

September 18 - Execution of Owen Molloy in Sydney for the murder of John Leonard, . Oxley Creek.

September 24 - Brisbane School of Arts established.

October 11 - Warner's plan of road to Bremer, via North Brisbane, sent to Sydney for

approval.

November 1 - Arrival Mount Stuart Elphinstone with 225 convicts (Locking the Door Too Late).

November 3 - Lima arrived in Moreton Bay (Locking the Door Too Late).

November 13 - Great anti-transportation meeting held in Brisbane (Great Anti-transportation Meeting).

November 13 -Detachment 11th Regiment took up their quarters in old barracks. Erection of Catholic Church commenced.

December 6 - Windmill submitted to auction; knocked down at £30 (The Old Landmark).

December 11 - Brisbane Gaol proclaimed.

December 18 - Launch of steamer Hawk at South Brisbane.

1850

February 11 - Circuit Court, Brisbane, proclaimed (One of the Necessities of Civilization).

February 28 - First letter carrier appointed; salary £30.

April 20 - Custom-house completed.

April 30 - Bangalore, last exile ship, arrived Moreton Bay. (Great Anti-transportation Meeting)

May 1 - Arrival of 108 Chinese shepherds in Favourite.

May 10 - Tender accepted to build bridge at Breakfast Creek (Local Topics 1850s).

May 12 - Service held first time in new Catholic Church.

May 18 - First Circuit Court held Brisbane (One of the Necessities of Civilization).

May 14 - Survey of Cleveland sent to Sydney.

May 15 - Wagner and Fitzgerald sentenced to death for murder of James Marsden at Wide Bay.(One of the Necessities of Civilization)

May 20 - Meeting North Brisbane re National System of Education.

May 20 - Meeting South Brisbane re National System of Education.

July 8 - Foundation stone of St. John's laid.

July 8 - Execution Wagner and Fitzgerald (One of the Necessities of Civilization).

July 11 - Military withdrawn from Moreton Bay

July 15 - Moreton Bay Quarantine Station (Dunwich) proclaimed.

July - Grant of £150 towards establishing National School at South Brisbane.

July 10 - Moreton Bay Free Press first published (Our Second Newspaper).

July 29 - Arrival of first dray (empty) from Wivenhoe to North Brisbane.

July 31 - First land sale in Ipswich, Drayton, Warwick.

August 8 - Arrival of ship Emigrant, typhus on board ; forty deaths (A Death Ship)

September 5 - Marriage Mr. John Petrie with Miss McNaught.

September 20 - Death Dr. Ballow at Quarantine Station. (A Death Ship)

September 30 - Tender accepted erection Dr. Lang's church.

October 7 - Launch of steamer Swallow by Captain Winship.

October 13 - Severe hailstorm.

November 11 - First bank opened in Brisbane.

December 18 - Cleveland township proclaimed.

1851

January 8 - First separation meeting held in Brisbane (Separation Meeting).

January 12 - Mail robbery at Bundamba (In and About).

February 2 - Maryborough township established.

February 10 - Departure of Rebecca first wool, ship direct from Moreton Bay.

March 1 - Second census taken ; pop., 8575.

April 13 - United Evangelical Chapel, William street, opened.

May 7 - Moreton Bay Amateur Musical Society established.

May 12 - Affray between whites and Chinese at Ipswich. One killed, eleven injured.

May 28 - News arrived Brisbane of Bathurst gold diggings. (The Discovery of Gold at Bathurst)

July 23 - Party made first trip overland Cabbage-tree Creek to Brisbane.

September 8 - Francis Briggs elected for Pastoral districts, Moreton Bay, Wide Bay, Burnett and Maranoa. (Further Electoral Concessions)

September 11 - J. Richardson returned for county of Stanley (Further Electoral Concessions).

September 12 - Richard Jones returned for Stanley Boroughs (Conservative Ipswich).

October 7 - School of Arts opened.

October 18 - Pearls found at Caloundra.

November 8 - Arrival Duke of Roxburgh with 227 Chinese.

185 2

March 4 - Meeting held Brisbane to petition to Queen for direct emigration.

March 20 - Expedition search Leichhardt left Gowrie station.

April 11 - Heavy floods Brisbane and Ipswich.

April 17 - Thomas King wrecked on Cato's Bank.

April 20 - Jane Ellis, wife of warder, sent for two years for hanging servant girl up by arms, and for other cruelties,

April 24 - Visit of Hardgreaves (Bathurst fame) at Darling Downs.

April 20 - Swallow made initial trip to Cabbage tree Creek.

May 17 - Arrival of survivors Thomas King in Brisbane.

May 24 - Gold found at Bingera ; caused rush.

June 27 - Murder Halloran (shepherd) at McGrath's, Pine River.

July 4 - Arrival Maria Soames ; 281 emigrants.

July 30 - Dr. Allan (surgeon Argyll), first mate, and immigrant drowned off Dunwich.

August 11 - Arrival Meridian; 284 immigrants.

September 10 - Burnett's plan of Sandgate sent Sydney for approval.

September 10 - Arrival Rajahigonanl, 351 immigrants; fifteen deaths influenza mid typhus.

September 24 - Bingora declared a duffer by returned fossickers.

October 30 - Influenza epidemic Brisbane.

November 10 - Death of Richard Jones, member Stanley Boroughs.

November 15 - Tinkabed, blackfellow, sent six years for outrage at Cash's North Pine.

1853

January 1 - Captain Wickham appointed Government Resident.

January 1 - Courier enlarged.

January 10 - Arrival Parsee ; 493 immigrants.

January 10 - Arrival America ; 825 immigrants.

February 14 - Election R. J. Smith for Bigge's seat.

February 20 - Arrival Agrícola; 210 immigrants.

March 10 - Death of Mr. Bidwell, commissioner Crown lands, Wide Bay.

March 25 - Arrival nine notorious Norfolk Island convicts in Moreton Bay (Notorious Norfolk Island Convicts).

April 1 - Two Norfolk Island convicts brought to Brisbane.

April 12 - Steamer New Orleans from Europe via Torres Straits in Moreton Bay (Steamship New Orleans).

April 25 - Arrival Florentina; 245 immigrants.

May 4 - Other Norfolk Island convicts captured near Brisbane.

May 20 - 5th and 6th section Native Police in Brisbane.

June 7 - Branch Union Bank Australia opened in Brisbane,

June 11 - Arrival John Fieldon; 306 immigrants.

June 15 - Strike of sawyers.

June 80 - Pettigrew's mill started.

July 5 - Brisbane Exchange opened.

August 6 - Death John Gamie at Ipswich.

September 20 - Branch Bank New South Wales opened Ipswich.

October 8 - Capture Thos, Haywood, alias Anderson, bushranger,

October 31 - Wreck of Countess of Derby, South Passage, bound for Cleveland.

November 9 and 10 - Sale Sandgate, Cleveland Brisbane lands ; realised £15,000.

November 10 - Escape of Sippey, notorious black murderer (Police and Prisoners).

December 3 - Outrage on "Tom" Dowse at Sandgate (Old Tom's Attempt to Civilize Sandgate).

1854

January 10 - Courier, ship, 280 tons, burnt at Cleveland.

January 22 - Murder Stephen Swords at Kangaroo Point (Kangaroo Pointers Again).

January 27 - First shipment of cotton from Brisbane.

March 5 - Swallow sunk at South Brisbane wharf.

March 20 - Arrival Governor Fitzroy in Calliope in Moreton Bay (Visit of Governor Fitzroy).

March 23 - Official entry into Brisbane.

March 30 - Police informed magistrates that unless pay was increased they would resign.

April 1 - Robert Graham and Co. abandoned Cleveland store (The Misfortune of Cleveland Point).

April 28 - Hodgson-Lang election ; latter returned majority nine.

May 10 - Gazehound, first ship loaded at wharf left direct for London.

May 25 - Capture of Dundalli.

May 23 - New election Lang-Hodgson, latter returned on casting vote.

June 17 - Death of Brown, last of Newcastle tribe.

July 18 - Death of J. C. Burnett, surveyor.

August 22 - Execution of Davey for murder of Trevethan Wide Bay (Another Execution in Queen Street).

August 10 - Now election Lang-Hodgson ; former returned one vote.

October 29 - Consecration of St. John's by Bishop of Newcastle.

November 21 - Dundalli sentenced to death. .

December 10 - News fall Sebastopol received Brisbane (Glorious News).

December 20 - John Fahey, runaway convict, eleven years at large, captured at Bunya (Another Runaway Convict).

December - Death of Bungaree, educated, black.

1855

January 6 - Dundalli executed in Queen-street (Death of the Notorious Dundalli).

March 8 - Meeting St. John's parishioners to protest against offertory (Church Troubles).

July 8 - Pettigrew's mill destroyed by fire.

August 12 - Gregory expedition sailed Moreton Bay.

October 2 - North Australian newspaper established Ipswich.

November 21 - Wreck of Venus with 250 tons sugar in Freeman's Channel (A Wreck in Freemans Channel).

November 25 - Death of Captain J. S. Barney.

December 20 - Fitzroy River navigated.

1856

January 20 - Site for Goodna Village fixed.

January 21 - First Circuit Court before Judge Milford.

March 1 - Tenders called for Cape Moreton Lighthouse.

March 18 - Macalister's first address to electors.

April 7 - First election under new Constitution (Elections Under the Constitution Act).

May 5 - Phoebe Dunbar went ashore near Amity with 270 immigrants.

May 6 - Brig Maria took first shipment sheep and cattle to New-Caledonia (The New Caledonian Trade).

June 21 - Arrival of Persia ; 250 immigrants.

November 20 - Great separation meeting Brisbane (Separation Meeting).

December 10 - Gregory expedition returned to Brisbane.

1857

April 15 - Moreton Bay Supreme Court formally opened by Justice Milford.

May 19 - Great floods Brisbane and Ipswich.

September 20 - Labouchere's positive separation despatch arrived Moreton Bay

October 27 - Hornet Bank outrage; eleven murdered by blacks.

1858

January 31 - The Leviathan launched.

March 4 - Gregory expedition left settled districts search Leichhardt.

June 11 - D. D. Gazette first published.

June 13 - Rev. T. Binney visited Moreton Bay.

July 9 - First announcement of gold discovery on the Fitzroy.

July 22 - Rush to Fitzroy commenced.

July 25 - Opening Presbyterian Church, Ann-street.

July 28 - Gregory's last expedition returned to Adelaide.

September 12 - Arrival of Rev. B. G. Wilson Brisbane.

October 1 - Return rush from Fitzroy commenced.

October 7 - Flood at Ipswich.

October 8 - Rockhampton made a port of entry.

October 10 - Erection of Petrie Terrace Gaol commenced.

October 25 - Foundation stone Roman Catholic Church, Ipswich, laid.

October 27 - First Municipality Act (N.S.W.) assented to.

November 17 and 18 - First sale Rockhampton land (at Sydney).

December 19 - Meeting at Ipswich to petition for creation of municipality.

December 25 - Pugh's Almanac- first published.

1859

February 6 - Wharf Street Baptist Church opened.

February 22 - Judge Lutwyche sworn in and gazetted.

March 8 - Arrival of Judge Lutwyche in Brisbane.

July 4 - Ipswich Herald first published.

August 20 - Brisbane erected Roman Catholic See ; Bishop O'Quinn.

September 7 - Municipality of Brisbane proclaimed. First Council : John Petrie (mayor) Patrick Mayne, T. B. Stephens, Joshua Jeays, A, J. Hockings, Edmondstone, R. Cribb, George Warren, and W.S. Sutton.

October 12 - Circuit Court proclaimed Ipswich, Drayton, and Maryborough.

October 20 - Terrific hailstorm Brisbane.

December 10 - Queensland Separation Day.

December 31 - Estimated population of Queensland 25,050.

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